the definitive ground freezing resource
Joseph A. Sopko, Ph.D., P.E.
Director of Ground Freezing, Keller North America, Inc.
cell: (920) 889-0190
Artificial ground freezing is a construction technique that is used in the construction of shafts, mines and tunnels to provide temporary earth support and groundwater control when other conventional methods such as dewatering, shoring and grouting or soil mixing do are not feasible. Ground freezing is also used to provide regional groundwater barriers around mining… Continue ReadingRead More
Construction of a 9700m, 180cm diameter effluent pipeline required tunnelling from an existing sewage treatment plant to a barrier island outfall structure. Construction of the tunnel required a launching shaft at the plant and a receiving shaft at the barrier island. Artificial ground freezing was specified as the method to provide temporary earth support and groundwater control at the launching shaft and selected by the contractor for the receiving shaft.Read More
This article reviews past mine projects throughout the world where ground freezing was essential for successful shaft sinking and surface drift construction.Read More
Ground freezing has been used extensively in the last ten years for the construction of transit tunnel cross passages and SEM tunnels, as well as short adits for utility tunnels. This paper discusses the design procedures related to frost action.Read More
Ground freezing was used to complete a shaft excavation that had been previously attempted using a slurry diaphragm wall and jet grouting. The freezing was completed around both the damaged shaft and the existing tunnel.Read More
After groundfreezing, the joint venture was successfully able to construct a permanent access shaft structure without any of the prior leaks, soil movement, or other problems.Read More